Transmission device and transmission method

Abstract

A disclosed transmission device includes a frequency scheduling unit configured to allocate, to each user, either frequency blocks that are consecutive frequency subcarrier blocks obtained by dividing a system bandwidth or distributed frequency blocks that are frequency subcarrier blocks discretely distributed in the system bandwidth; and a mapping unit configured to assign transmission data to the frequency blocks or the distributed frequency blocks according to the allocation result. The frequency scheduling unit is configured to allocate the distributed frequency blocks using the frequency blocks as units and to allocate sub-blocks obtained by dividing the respective distributed frequency blocks.

Claims

1 . A transmission device, comprising: a frequency scheduling unit configured to allocate, to each user, either frequency blocks that are consecutive frequency subcarrier blocks obtained by dividing a system bandwidth or distributed frequency blocks that are frequency subcarrier blocks discretely distributed in the system bandwidth; and a mapping unit configured to assign transmission data to the frequency blocks or the distributed frequency blocks according to the allocation result; wherein the frequency scheduling unit is configured to allocate the distributed frequency blocks using the frequency blocks as units and to allocate sub-blocks obtained by dividing the respective distributed frequency blocks. 2 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the frequency scheduling unit is configured to allocate the sub-blocks obtained by dividing the respective distributed frequency blocks in the time direction. 3 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the frequency scheduling unit is configured to allocate the sub-blocks obtained by dividing the respective distributed frequency blocks in the frequency direction. 4 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 1 , further comprising: an allocation ratio determining unit configured to determine an allocation ratio of the frequency blocks to the distributed frequency blocks based on conditions of mobile stations; wherein the frequency scheduling unit is configured to change the current allocation ratio of the frequency blocks to the distributed frequency blocks at predetermined intervals based on the determined allocation ratio. 5 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 1 , further comprising: a control information generating unit configured to generate identification codes indicating locations of the frequency blocks and the sub-blocks according to the number of the sub-blocks and to generate control information indicating either the frequency blocks or the sub-blocks that are to be allocated to a mobile station based on the identification codes; and a reporting unit configured to report the control information. 6 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 5 , wherein the control information generating unit is configured to generate the control information including the number of the identification codes, information identifying all mobile stations to which either the frequency blocks or the sub-blocks are to be allocated, and information indicating the correspondence between the identification codes and the mobile stations. 7 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 5 , wherein the control information generating unit is configured to generate the control information including the number of the identification codes, information identifying a mobile station to which either the frequency blocks or the sub-blocks are to be allocated, and information indicating the correspondence between the identification codes and the mobile station. 8 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 5 , wherein the frequency blocks and the distributed frequency blocks are assigned codes indicating their corresponding locations; the distributed frequency blocks are positioned apart from each other by a number of frequency blocks determined based on a division number; and the control information generating unit is configured to assign information indicating the corresponding locations as identification information to the frequency blocks and to assign information indicating the corresponding locations to the distributed frequency blocks based on the codes indicating the locations and the division number. 9 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 8 , wherein the control information generating unit is configured to generate the control information including identification information of all mobile stations, information associated with the identification information of the respective mobile stations and indicating whether the frequency blocks or the sub-blocks are to be allocated, and information indicating the correspondence between the identification codes indicating the locations of the frequency blocks and the sub-blocks and the identification information of the respective mobile stations. 10 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 8 , wherein the control information generating unit is configured to generate the control information including identification information of a mobile station, information associated with the identification information of the mobile station and indicating whether the frequency blocks or the sub-blocks are to be allocated, and information indicating the correspondence between the identification codes indicating the locations of the frequency blocks and the sub-blocks and the identification information of the mobile station. 11 . A transmission method where either frequency blocks that are consecutive frequency subcarrier blocks obtained by dividing a system bandwidth or distributed frequency blocks that are frequency subcarrier blocks discretely distributed in the system bandwidth are allocated to a user, the method comprising: a sub-block allocating step of allocating sub-blocks obtained by dividing the respective distributed frequency blocks that are allocated using the frequency blocks as units; and a mapping step of assigning transmission data to the frequency blocks or the distributed frequency blocks that are allocated. 12 . The transmission method as claimed in claim 11 , wherein the sub-blocks allocated in the sub-block allocating step are obtained by dividing the respective distributed frequency blocks in the time direction. 13 . The transmission method as claimed in claim 11 , wherein the sub-blocks allocated in the sub-block allocating step are obtained by dividing the respective distributed frequency blocks in the frequency direction. 14 . The transmission method as claimed in claim 11 , further comprising: an allocation ratio determining step of determining an allocation ratio of the frequency blocks to the distributed frequency blocks based on conditions of mobile stations; wherein in the sub-block allocating step, the current allocation ratio of the frequency blocks to the distributed frequency blocks is changed at predetermined intervals based on the determined allocation ratio. 15 . The transmission method as claimed in claim 11 , further comprising: an identification code generating step of generating identification codes indicating locations of the frequency blocks and the sub-blocks according to the number of the sub-blocks; a control information generating step of generating control information indicating either the frequency blocks or the sub-blocks that are to be allocated to a mobile station based on the identification codes; and a reporting step of reporting the control information. 16 . The transmission method as claimed in claim 15 , wherein the frequency blocks and the distributed frequency blocks are assigned codes indicating their corresponding locations; the distributed frequency blocks are positioned apart from each other by a number of frequency blocks determined based on a division number; and in the control information generating step, information indicating the corresponding locations is assigned to the frequency blocks as identification information and information indicating the corresponding locations is assigned to the distributed frequency blocks based on the codes indicating the locations and the division number. 17 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 5 , wherein the frequency blocks and the distributed frequency blocks are assigned codes indicating their corresponding locations; the identification codes of the sub-blocks are predetermined based on the number of the distributed frequency blocks; and the control information generating unit is configured to generate the control information including identification information of a mobile station, information associated with the identification information of the mobile station and indicating whether the frequency blocks or the sub-blocks are to be allocated, the number of the distributed frequency blocks, and the identification codes of the sub-blocks to be allocated to the mobile station. 18 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 17 , wherein the identification codes of the sub-blocks are predetermined differently according to whether the number of the distributed frequency blocks is an odd number or an even number; and the control information generating unit is configured to generate the control information including the identification information of the mobile station, the information associated with the identification information of the mobile station and indicating whether the frequency blocks or the sub-blocks are to be allocated, information indicating whether the number of the distributed frequency blocks is an odd number or an even number, and the identification codes of the sub-blocks to be allocated to the mobile station. 19 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 5 , wherein the frequency blocks and the distributed frequency blocks are assigned codes indicating their corresponding locations; the identification codes of the sub-blocks are predetermined based on the number of the distributed frequency blocks; and when the number of the distributed frequency blocks is predetermined, the control information generating unit is configured to generate the control information including identification information of a mobile station, information associated with the identification information of the mobile station and indicating whether the frequency blocks or the sub-blocks are to be allocated, and the identification codes of the sub-blocks to be allocated to the mobile station. 20 . The transmission device as claimed in claim 17 , wherein when the sub-blocks with consecutive identification codes are allocated to the mobile station, the control information generating unit is configured to generate a value based on tree based resource allocation.
TECHNICAL FIELD [0001] The present invention generally relates to a transmission device and a transmission method. BACKGROUND ART [0002] Transmission methods for a downlink data channel include localized transmission and distributed transmission. [0003] In localized transmission, as shown in FIG. 1A , frequency resources are allocated to the respective users by frequency blocks. For example, in localized transmission, frequency blocks are allocated in such a manner that frequency selective fading is reduced. Generally, transmission data sizes in localized transmission are large, and therefore localized transmission is suitable to achieve the effect of frequency scheduling. [0004] As shown in FIG. 1B , in distributed transmission, transmission data are distributed across an allocated frequency band regardless of frequency blocks. For example, distributed transmission is employed when frequency scheduling is not usable because users are moving at high speed or when transmission data sizes are small as in VoIP. Generally, transmission data sizes in distributed transmission are small, and therefore distributed transmission is suitable to achieve frequency diversity gain. DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION Problems to be Solved by the Invention [0005] However, the above background art technologies have disadvantages as described below. [0006] Generally, a system has to support communications of users moving both at low speed and high speed. [0007] Also, a system has to support both packets with large data sizes as in Web browsing and packets with small data sizes as in VoIP. [0008] Embodiments of the present invention make it possible to solve or reduce one or more problems caused by the limitations and disadvantages of the background art, and provide a transmission device and a transmission method that enable a system to support both localized transmission and distributed transmission. Means for Solving the Problems [0009] An embodiment of the present invention provides a transmission device including a frequency scheduling unit configured to allocate, to each user, either frequency blocks that are consecutive frequency subcarrier blocks obtained by dividing a system bandwidth or distributed frequency blocks that are frequency subcarrier blocks discretely distributed in the system bandwidth; and a mapping unit configured to assign transmission data to the frequency blocks or the distributed frequency blocks according to the allocation result. The frequency scheduling unit is configured to allocate the distributed frequency blocks using the frequency blocks as units and to allocate sub-blocks obtained by dividing the respective distributed frequency blocks. [0010] This configuration makes it possible to assign a packet that normally fits in one distributed frequency block to multiple sub-blocks. [0011] Another embodiment of the present inventions provides a transmission method where either frequency blocks that are consecutive frequency subcarrier blocks obtained by dividing a system bandwidth or distributed frequency blocks that are frequency subcarrier blocks discretely distributed in the system bandwidth are allocated to each user. The transmission method includes a sub-block allocating step of allocating sub-blocks obtained by dividing the respective distributed frequency blocks that are allocated using the frequency blocks as units; and a mapping step of assigning transmission data to the frequency blocks or the distributed frequency blocks that are allocated. [0012] This method makes it possible to assign a packet that normally fits in one distributed frequency block to multiple sub-blocks. ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECT OF THE INVENTION [0013] Embodiments of the present invention provide a transmission device and a transmission method that enable a system to support both localized transmission and distributed transmission. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS [0014] FIG. 1A is a drawing illustrating localized transmission; [0015] FIG. 1B is a drawing illustrating distributed transmission; [0016] FIG. 2 is a partial block diagram illustrating a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0017] FIG. 3 is a drawing used to describe operations of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0018] FIG. 4A is a drawing used to describe operations of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0019] FIG. 4B is a drawing used to describe operations of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0020] FIG. 5 is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0021] FIG. 6 is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0022] FIG. 7A is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0023] FIG. 7B is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0024] FIG. 8 is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0025] FIG. 9 is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0026] FIG. 10 is a partial block diagram illustrating a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0027] FIG. 11 is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0028] FIG. 12 is a partial block diagram illustrating a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0029] FIG. 13 is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0030] FIG. 14 is a partial block diagram illustrating a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0031] FIG. 15 is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0032] FIG. 16 is a flowchart showing a process of allocating radio resources in a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0033] FIG. 17A is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0034] FIG. 17B is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0035] FIG. 18A is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0036] FIG. 18B is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0037] FIG. 19 is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0038] FIG. 20 is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0039] FIG. 21A is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0040] FIG. 21B is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0041] FIG. 22A is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0042] FIG. 22B is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0043] FIG. 23A is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0044] FIG. 23B is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0045] FIG. 24A is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0046] FIG. 24B is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0047] FIG. 25A is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0048] FIG. 25B is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0049] FIG. 26 is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0050] FIG. 27 is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0051] FIG. 28 is a drawing illustrating a method of reporting allocation information in localized and distributed multiplexing; [0052] FIG. 29 is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0053] FIG. 30 is a drawing used to describe operations of a frequency scheduling unit of a transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention; and [0054] FIG. 31 is a drawing illustrating tree based resource allocation. EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES [0000] 100 Transmission device BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION [0056] The best mode for carrying out the invention is described based on the following embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings. [0057] Throughout the accompanying drawings, the same reference numbers are used for parts having the same functions, and overlapping descriptions of those parts are omitted. [0058] A transmission device according to an embodiment of the present invention is described below with reference to FIG. 2 . [0059] A transmission device 100 of this embodiment performs distributed transmission based on localized transmission. The transmission device 100 is provided, for example, in a base station. [0060] The transmission device 100 includes a resource block (RB) allocation ratio switching unit 102 used as an allocation ratio determining unit that receives information on the mobility of mobile stations (UEs) and information, such as sizes and types, on the traffic of the mobile stations; a frequency scheduling unit 104 that receives propagation path information of the mobile stations, priority information of the mobile stations, and an output signal from the resource block allocation ratio changing unit 102 ; a control information generating unit 106 and a transmission data generating unit 112 each of which receives an output signal from the frequency scheduling unit 104 ; coding-rate-and-data-modulation determining units 108 and 114 that, respectively, receive output signals from the control information generating unit 106 and the transmission data generating unit 112 ; a mapping unit 110 that receives an output signal from the coding-rate-and-data-modulation determining unit 108 and outputs control information; and a mapping unit 116 that receives data and an output signal from the coding-rate-and-data-modulation determining unit 114 and outputs data. [0061] The resource block allocation ratio changing unit 102 determines the allocation ratio of resource blocks to be allocated for localized transmission (localized resource blocks) to those to be allocated for distributed transmission (distributed resource blocks) based on the mobility information and traffic information of the mobile stations, and inputs the determined-allocation ratio as resource block allocation ratio information to the frequency scheduling unit 104 . [0062] For example, when there are many high mobility mobile stations or when the data sizes of packets in the traffic are small as in VoIP, the resource block allocation ratio changing unit 102 allocates a larger share of resource blocks for distributed transmission. [0063] The frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates resource blocks to the mobile stations based on the propagation path information of the mobile stations, the priority information of the mobile stations, and the resource block allocation ratio information. In this embodiment, the priority information of each mobile station is represented by a numerical value obtained based on parameters such as the presence or absence of a retransmission request, time elapsed after a packet is transmitted from a transmitting terminal, a target transmission rate, actual throughput, and an allowed delay in packet transmission. [0064] For example, the frequency scheduling unit 104 adaptively changes the allocation ratio of localized resource blocks to distributed resource blocks at predetermined intervals, e.g., at each scheduling cycle, according to the resource block allocation ratio information determined based on the conditions, such as channel conditions and traffic, of the mobile stations. This approach makes it possible to increase the throughput of data channels. [0065] Alternatively, the frequency scheduling unit 104 may be configured to change the allocation ratio of localized resource blocks to distributed resource blocks at long intervals according to the resource block allocation ratio information determined based on the conditions, such as traffic, of the mobile stations. Compared with a case where the ratio is changed at each scheduling cycle, this approach makes it easier to control resource block allocation. Also, this approach makes it possible to reduce the number of control bits used to report the number of resource blocks allocated for distributed transmission. [0066] For example, as shown in FIG. 3 , the frequency scheduling unit 104 assigns data to be sent by localized transmission and data to be sent by distributed transmission to frequency blocks. In other words, the frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates distributed frequency blocks (resource blocks) that are frequency subcarrier blocks discretely distributed in a system bandwidth to each user using frequency blocks, which are consecutive frequency subcarrier blocks obtained by dividing the system bandwidth, as units. This approach makes it unnecessary to use signaling information in distributed transmission. [0067] Also, the frequency scheduling unit 104 divides one resource block into multiple sub-blocks, e.g., into N sub-blocks (N represents an integer greater than 0), to perform distributed transmission at resource block level. In this case, the frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates sub-blocks obtained by dividing respective distributed frequency blocks as resource blocks. Here, resource blocks indicate units for mapping users or units for assigning users. [0068] For example, as shown in FIG. 4A , the frequency scheduling unit 104 divides a resource block in the time direction, e.g., into two and allocates the divided resource blocks to multiple users, e.g., to two users. In the example shown in FIG. 4A , the frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates first blocks and second blocks to different users. [0069] Alternatively, the frequency scheduling unit 104 may be configured to divide a resource block in the frequency direction, e.g., into two as shown in FIG. 4B , and to allocate the divided resource blocks to multiple users, e.g., to two users. In the example shown in FIG. 4B , the frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates first blocks and second blocks to different users. [0070] In FIGS. 4A and 4B , the first two symbols represent a pilot and signaling bits, i.e., a pilot channel and an L1/L2 control channel. [0071] In distributed transmission at resource block level, frequency diversity gain cannot be achieved unless multiple resource blocks are allocated. When the data size of a packet is small as in VoIP traffic, all data may fit in one resource block and frequency diversity gain may not be achieved. In VoIP, the data size of a packet is, for example, 180 bits. [0072] Dividing a resource block into N resource blocks and assigning a packet that normally fits in one resource block to the N resource blocks make it possible to increase frequency diversity gain. [0073] The control information generating unit 106 generates control information for the mobile stations to which resource blocks are allocated by the frequency scheduling unit 104 . [0074] The control information generating unit 106 assigns identification codes, for example, numbers, indicating physical locations of resource blocks to the numbers of localized resource blocks. For example, as shown in FIG. 5 , when there are 16 resource blocks in a frequency band and all the resource blocks are used as localized resource blocks, the numbers of the localized resource blocks and the numbers indicating physical locations of the resource blocks become identical. In FIG. 5 , numbers written in localized RBs represent the numbers assigned to the localized resource blocks and numbers written above the localized RBs represent physical locations of the resource blocks. [0075] When distributed transmission is performed, the control information generating unit 106 converts a subset of the resource blocks into distributed resource blocks. For example, the control information generating unit 106 converts four resource blocks into distributed resource blocks. In this embodiment, localized resource blocks that are to be converted into distributed resource blocks are selected according to a predetermined rule depending on the number of distributed resource blocks. [0076] For example, as shown in FIG. 6 , the control information generating unit 106 assigns identification codes or numbers starting from 0 indicating the corresponding physical locations to the resource blocks and converts every 16/N-th (N indicates the number of distributed resource blocks to be allocated) resource block to a distributed resource block. This approach makes it possible to uniquely determine resource blocks to be allocated for distributed transmission based on the number of distributed resource blocks and thereby to reduce the amount of control information. In FIG. 6 , numbers written in localized RBs and beside distributed RBs, respectively, represent the numbers assigned to localized resource blocks and distributed resource blocks, and numbers written above the RBs represent physical locations of the resource blocks. [0077] The control information generating unit 106 assigns serial numbers to the localized resource blocks and the distributed resource blocks according to a predetermined rule. For example, as shown in FIG. 6 , the control information generating unit 106 first assigns numbers to the localized resource blocks in ascending order of the physical location numbers of the resource blocks, and then assigns numbers to the distributed resource blocks. This approach makes it possible to uniquely identify physical locations of the distributed resource blocks and the localized resource blocks based on their assigned numbers and the number of distributed resource blocks. This in turn makes it possible to report allocation information with a small number of bits. [0078] Exemplary resource block allocation to a mobile station 0 (UE 0 ), a mobile station 1 (UE 1 ), a mobile station 2 (UE 2 ), a mobile station 3 (UE 3 ), and a mobile station 4 (UE 4 ) is described below with reference to FIGS. 7A and 7B . [0079] Here, it is assumed that the mobile stations 0 , 1 , and 2 are low mobility users and the mobile stations 3 and 4 are high mobility users. In this case, the frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates localized resource blocks to the mobile stations 0 , 1 , and 2 , and allocates distributed resource blocks to the mobile stations 3 and 4 . [0080] For example, the frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates resource blocks # 0 , # 1 , and # 3 to the mobile station 0 , resource block # 2 to the mobile station 1 , resource blocks # 4 , # 5 , # 6 , # 7 , # 8 , # 9 , # 10 , and # 11 to the mobile station 2 , resource blocks # 12 , # 13 , and # 14 to the mobile station 3 , and resource block # 15 to the mobile station 4 . [0081] An exemplary method of reporting allocation information is described below. [0082] As shown in FIG. 8 , when encoding and sending allocation information for multiple mobiles stations collectively, the control information generating unit 106 reports the number of distributed resource blocks, IDs of mobile stations to which resource blocks are allocated, and mobile station numbers associated with resource block numbers of allocated resource blocks. In other words, the control information generating unit 106 generates control information including the number of identification codes identifying resource blocks, information indicating all mobile stations to which either frequency blocks or sub-blocks are allocated, and information indicating the correspondence between the mobile stations and the identification codes. [0083] For example, when the number of distributed resource blocks is between 1 and 16, four bits are necessary to express the value. [0084] Fields for the IDs of mobile stations are provided for the maximum number of allocatable users to which resource blocks can be allocated at the same time. [0085] For example, when the maximum number of allocatable users is 4 and each mobile station ID is represented by 12 bits, “abcdefghijkl” (ID of a mobile station to which a user number # 0 is assigned) is stored in # 0 and similarly, IDs of other mobile stations are stored in # 1 through # 3 . In this case, the total number of bits for mobile station IDs is 4×12=48. [0086] The mobile station numbers used to indicate the correspondence between mobile stations and allocated resource blocks are represented by the user numbers # 0 through # 3 instead of mobile station IDs. [0087] The resource block numbers are serial numbers assigned to the distributed resource blocks and the localized resource blocks and do not indicate physical locations of resource blocks. When the number of resource blocks is 16 and the maximum number of allocatable users is 4 (2 bits), the required number of bits is 16×2=32. For example, the mobile station # 1 is specified for the resource block number # 0 , the mobile station # 3 for the resource block number # 1 , the mobile station # 0 for the resource block number # 2 , the mobile station # 2 for the resource block number # 3 , and the mobile station # 2 for the resource block number # 4 . [0088] As an alternative method, allocation information may be encoded and sent for each mobile station. [0089] In this case, as shown in FIG. 9 , the control information generating unit 106 reports the number of distributed resource blocks, an ID of a mobile station to which resource blocks are allocated, and resource block numbers of allocated resource blocks. In other words, the control information generating unit 106 generates control information including the number of identification codes identifying resource blocks, information indicating a mobile station to which either frequency blocks or sub-blocks are allocated, and information indicating the correspondence between the mobile station and the identification codes. [0090] For example, when the number of distributed resource blocks is between 1 and 16, four bits are necessary to express the value. [0091] In the mobile station ID field, the ID of the mobile station is stored. The required number of bits for the mobile station ID is, for example, 12 bits. [0092] The resource block numbers are serial numbers assigned to the distributed resource blocks and the localized resource blocks and do not indicate physical locations of resource blocks. For example, allocated resource blocks are flagged with “1” and unallocated resource blocks are flagged with “0”. In this case, the required number of bits is, for example, 16 and is the same as the number of resource blocks. For example, 0 is specified for the resource block number # 0 , 0 for the resource block number # 1 , 0 for the resource block number # 2 , 1 for the resource block number # 3 , and 1 for the resource block number # 4 . [0093] The coding-rate-and-data-modulation determining unit 108 determines a coding rate and a data modulation level used to transmit control information. [0094] The mapping unit 110 modulates and encodes control information using the data modulation level and the coding rate determined by the coding-rate-and-data-modulation determining unit 108 and maps the control information to physical channels. As a result, the control information is transmitted. [0095] The transmission data generating unit 112 generates transmission data according to the numbers of resource blocks allocated to the respective mobile stations. For example, the transmission data generating unit 112 determines the amount of transmission data. [0096] The coding-rate-and-data-modulation determining unit 114 determines coding rates and data modulation levels used to transmit the data for the respective mobile stations to which resource blocks are allocated by the frequency scheduling unit 104 . [0097] The mapping unit 116 modulates and encodes the data and maps the data to physical channels. [0098] Next, an exemplary process in the frequency scheduling unit 104 of allocating resource blocks to transmission data is described with reference to FIG. 10 . [0099] The frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates resource blocks preferentially to data to be sent by localized transmission. [0100] As shown in FIG. 10 , the frequency scheduling unit 104 includes a localized allocation unit 1042 and a distributed allocation unit 1044 that receives an output signal from the localized allocation unit 1042 . [0101] The localized allocation unit 1042 receives propagation path information of the respective mobile stations, priority information, and resource block allocation ratio information indicating the allocation ratio of localized resource blocks to distributed resource blocks, and allocates resource blocks preferentially to data to be sent by localized transmission based on the propagation path information and the priority information. [0102] As shown in FIG. 11 , the localized allocation unit 1042 first allocates resource blocks to mobile stations to which localized transmission is applied taking into account the reception conditions of the mobile stations in the respective resource blocks. In this step, the localized allocation unit 1042 leaves resource blocks to be allocated to mobile stations to which distributed transmission is applied based on the resource block allocation ratio information. For example, the localized allocation unit 1042 allocates resource blocks to the mobile stations based on the priority information. [0103] The distributed allocation unit 1044 allocates resource blocks, other than those allocated to data to be sent by localized transmission, to data to be sent by distributed transmission. [0104] As shown in FIG. 11 , after resource blocks are allocated to mobile stations to which localized transmission is applied, the distributed allocation unit 1044 allocates remaining resource blocks to mobile stations to which distributed transmission is applied. For example, the distributed allocation unit 1044 allocates resource blocks to the mobile stations based on the priority information. [0105] Alternatively, the frequency scheduling unit 104 may be configured to allocate resource blocks preferentially to data to be sent by distributed transmission. [0106] In the example shown in FIG. 12 , the frequency scheduling unit 104 includes a distributed allocation unit 1044 and a localized allocation unit 1042 that receives an output signal from the distributed allocation unit 1044 . [0107] The distributed allocation unit 1044 receives propagation path information of the respective mobile stations, priority information, and resource block allocation ratio information indicating the allocation ratio of localized resource blocks to distributed resource blocks, and allocates resource blocks preferentially to data to be sent by distributed transmission based on the propagation path information and the priority information. [0108] As shown in FIG. 13 , the distributed allocation unit 1044 preferentially allocates resource blocks to mobile stations to which distributed transmission is applied taking into account the reception conditions of the mobile stations in the respective resource blocks or in such a manner that the frequency diversity gain is increased. In this step, the distributed allocation unit 1044 leaves resource blocks to be allocated to mobile stations to which localized transmission is applied based on the resource block allocation ratio information. For example, the distributed allocation unit 1044 allocates resource blocks to the mobile stations based on the priority information. [0109] As shown in FIG. 13 , after resource blocks are allocated to mobile stations to which distributed transmission is applied, the localized allocation unit 1042 allocates remaining resource blocks to mobile stations to which localized transmission is applied. For example, the localized allocation unit 1042 allocates resource blocks to the mobile stations based on the priority information. [0110] As another example, the frequency scheduling unit 104 may be configured to allocate resource blocks reserved for localized transmission and distributed transmission, respectively. [0111] In this case, the frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates reserved resource blocks to users to which localized transmission is applied and to users to which distributed transmission is applied, respectively. With this approach, because resource blocks are reserved for localized transmission and distributed transmission, respectively, the order of allocation is not relevant to the allocation results. [0112] In the example shown in FIG. 14 , the frequency scheduling unit 104 includes a distributed allocation unit 1044 and a localized allocation unit 1042 that receives an output signal from the distributed allocation unit 1044 . [0113] The distributed allocation unit 1044 receives propagation path information of the respective mobile stations, priority information, and resource block allocation ratio information indicating the allocation ratio of localized resource blocks to distributed resource blocks. [0114] As shown in FIG. 15 , the distributed allocation unit 1044 allocates resource blocks reserved for distributed transmission to mobile stations to which distributed transmission is applied. For example, the distributed allocation unit 1044 allocates the reserved resource blocks to the mobile stations based on the priority information. [0115] As shown in FIG. 15 , the localized allocation unit 1042 allocates resource blocks reserved for localized transmission to mobile stations to which localized transmission is applied. For example, the localized allocation unit 1042 allocates the reserved resource blocks to the mobile stations based on the priority information. [0116] Next, an exemplary process of allocating radio resources by the transmission device 100 is described with reference to FIG. 16 . [0117] The frequency scheduling unit 104 determines whether it is time to change the allocation ratio of localized resource blocks to distributed resource blocks (step S 1602 ). [0118] If it is time to change the allocation ratio of localized resource blocks to distributed resource blocks (YES in step S 1602 ), the resource block allocation ratio changing unit 102 changes the resource block allocation ratio (step S 1604 ). [0119] After the resource block allocation ratio is changed in step S 1604 or if it is not time to change the resource block allocation ratio (NO in step S 1602 ), the process goes to step S 1606 . In step S 1606 , the frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates resource blocks as described above to mobile stations to which localized or distributed transmission is applied (step S 1606 ). [0120] Then, the control information generating unit 106 generates control information for reporting resource block allocation information to the mobile stations (step S 1608 ). [0121] Next, the transmission data generating unit 112 determines the amounts of data to be transmitted to the respective mobile stations based on the scheduling result of the frequency scheduling unit 104 , and generates transmission signal sequences (step S 1610 ). [0122] The coding-rate-and-data-modulation determining units 108 and 114 determine coding rates and data modulation levels, respectively, for the data and the control information (step S 1612 ). [0123] Then, the mapping units 110 and 116 map the control information and the data, respectively, to physical channels (step S 1614 ). [0124] A transmission device according to another embodiment of the present invention is described below. [0125] The configuration of a transmission device 100 of this embodiment is substantially the same as that shown in FIG. 2 , and therefore descriptions of the configuration are omitted here. The transmission device 100 of this embodiment is different from the transmission device of the above embodiment in the operations of the control information generating unit 106 . [0126] The control information generating unit 106 generates control information for the mobile stations to which resource blocks are allocated by the frequency scheduling unit 104 . [0127] The control information generating unit 106 assigns identification codes, for example, numbers, indicating physical locations of resource blocks to the numbers of localized resource blocks. For example, when there are 16 resource blocks in a frequency band and all the resource blocks are used as localized resource blocks as shown in FIG. 5 , the numbers assigned to the localized resource blocks and the numbers indicating physical locations of the resource blocks become identical. [0128] When distributed transmission is performed, the control information generating unit 106 converts a subset of the resource blocks into distributed resource blocks. For example, the control information generating unit 106 converts four resource blocks into distributed resource blocks. [0129] In this embodiment, localized resource blocks that are to be converted into distributed resource blocks are selected according to a predetermined rule depending on the number of distributed resource blocks. [0130] For example, the control information generating unit 106 allocates frequency blocks and distributed frequency blocks as described below. In this example, one distributed resource block (distributed frequency block) is divided into N D resource blocks. Sets of the N D resource blocks are positioned apart from each other by a distance C expressed by formula (1) below. [0131] [Formula 1] [0000] C=└N PRB /N D ┘  (1) [0132] In formula (1), N PRB represents the number of physical locations of resource blocks. Digits after the decimal point of N PRB /N D are truncated. [0133] When the number of distributed resource blocks is N DVRB and N DVRB =N D-PRB ×N D (N D-PRB is an integer that satisfies 0≦N D-PRB ≦C), N D-PRB “paired physical resource blocks” are allocated for distributed transmission. Location k of each physical resource block is expressed by formula (2) below. [0134] [Formula 2] [0000] k=i×C+j×└C/N D-PRB ┘  (2) [0135] In formula (2), i represents values 0 through N D −1, and j represents values 0 through N D-PRB −1. [0136] FIG. 17A shows an example where N PRB is 12, N D is 2, and N DVRB is 2. FIG. 17B shows an example where N PRB is 12, N D is 2, and N DVRB is 4. In FIGS. 17A and 17B , numbers written in localized RBs and beside distributed RBs represent the numbers assigned to localized resource blocks and distributed resource blocks, respectively, and numbers written above the RBs represent physical locations of the resource blocks. [0137] This approach enables the transmission device 100 to report allocation information by just sending the number of distributed resource blocks to receiving devices. For example, a mobile station to which localized transmission is to be applied can identify resource blocks allocated to itself based only on the locations of the resource blocks. Meanwhile, a mobile station to which distributed transmission is to be applied can identify resource blocks allocated to itself based on the number of distributed resource blocks and information indicating the locations of the resource blocks. [0138] Also, this approach makes it possible to uniquely determine resource blocks to be used as distributed resource blocks based on the number of the distributed resource blocks. In other words, this approach makes it possible to uniquely identify physical locations of distributed resource blocks and localized resource blocks based on their assigned numbers and the number of the distributed resource blocks. This in turn makes it possible to report allocation information with a small number of bits. [0139] Exemplary resource block allocation for a mobile station 0 (UE 0 ), a mobile station 1 (UE 1 ), a mobile station 2 (UE 2 ), a mobile station 3 (UE 3 ), and a mobile station 4 (UE 4 ) is described below with reference to FIGS. 18A and 18B . In FIGS. 18A and 18B , numbers written in localized RBs and beside distributed RBs represent the numbers assigned to localized resource blocks and distributed resource blocks, respectively. [0140] Here, it is assumed that the mobile stations 0 , 1 , and 2 are low mobility users and the mobile stations 3 and 4 are high mobility users. In this case, the frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates localized resource blocks to the mobile stations 0 , 1 , and 2 , and allocates distributed resource blocks to the mobile stations 3 and 4 . [0141] For example, as shown in FIG. 18B , the frequency scheduling unit 104 allocates resource blocks # 1 , # 2 , and # 5 to the mobile station 0 , resource block # 3 to the mobile station 1 , resource blocks # 6 , # 7 , # 9 , # 10 , # 11 , # 13 , # 14 , and # 15 to the mobile station 2 , resource blocks # 0 , # 4 , and # 8 to the mobile station 3 , and resource block # 12 to the mobile station 4 . [0142] An exemplary method of reporting allocation information is described below. [0143] As shown in FIG. 19 , when encoding and sending allocation information for multiple mobile stations collectively, the control information generating unit 106 reports UE-IDs associated with UE indexes (Replacement of UE-ID by UE index), transmission methods for the respective UEs (Transmission method for each UE), and the UE indexes associated with resource blocks (Assignment UE index of each RB). [0144] The UE-IDs are identification information of all mobile stations and associated with UE indexes. UE-ID fields are provided for the maximum number of users to which resource blocks can be allocated at the same time. The UE-ID fields store the IDs of UEs to which resource blocks are allocated. For example, when the maximum number of allocatable users is 4 and each UE-ID is represented by 12 bits, # 0 :abcdefghijkl (UE-ID of a mobile station to which a user number # 0 is assigned) is stored in # 0 and similarly, UE-IDs of other mobile stations are stored in # 1 through # 3 . In this case, the total number of bits for UE-IDs is 4×12=48. [0145] The user numbers # 0 through # 3 are used instead of UE-IDs to indicate the correspondence between UEs and allocated resource blocks. [0146] In transmission method fields, information indicating distributed transmission or localized transmission is stored for the respective users to which resource blocks are allocated by the frequency scheduling unit 104 . The transmission method fields are provided for the maximum number of users to which resource blocks can be allocated at the same time. For example, “1” indicates distributed transmission and “0” indicates localized transmission. In other words, in the transmission method fields, information indicating whether frequency blocks or sub-blocks are allocated is stored in association with the identification information identifying all the mobile stations. [0147] In UE index fields, user numbers indicating mobile stations are stored in association with the resource block numbers (that are different from those indicating physical locations of resource blocks) assigned to distributed resource blocks and localized resource blocks. In other words, the UE index fields store identification information of mobile stations in association with identification codes indicating locations of frequency blocks and sub-blocks. [0148] For example, when the number of resource blocks is 16 and the maximum number of allocatable users is 4 (2 bits), the required number of bits is 16×2=32. [0149] As an alternative method, allocation information may be encoded and sent for each mobile station. [0150] In this case, as shown in FIG. 20 , the control information generating unit 106 reports a UE-ID associated with a UE index (Assignment UE-ID), a transmission method for the UE (Transmission method for each UE), and resource block allocation information (Assignment information of each RB). [0151] The UE-ID is identification information of a mobile station and associated with a UE index. The UE-ID field stores the ID of a UE to which resource blocks are allocated. For example, the UE-ID may be represented by 12 bits. [0152] In the transmission method field, information indicating distributed transmission or localized transmission is stored for the user to which resource blocks are allocated by the frequency scheduling unit 104 . For example, “1” indicates distributed transmission and “0” indicates localized transmission. In other words, in the transmission method field, information indicating whether frequency blocks or sub-blocks are allocated is stored in association with the identification information of the mobile station. [0153] In the resource block allocation information fields, information indicating whether resource blocks are allocated for the user is stored in association with the corresponding resource block numbers (that are different from those indicating physical locations of resource blocks) assigned to the distributed resource blocks and the localized resource blocks. For example, “1” indicates that the resource block is allocated for the user and “0” indicates that the resource block is not allocated for the user. In other words, the identification information of the mobile station is associated with identification codes indicating locations of frequency blocks and sub-blocks. [0154] Next, a transmission device according to another embodiment of the present invention is described. [0155] The configuration of a transmission device 100 of this embodiment is substantially the same as that shown in FIG. 2 , and therefore descriptions of the configuration are omitted here. The transmission device 100 of this embodiment is different from the transmission device of the above embodiments in the operations of the control information generating unit 106 . [0156] The control information generating unit 106 generates control information for the mobile stations to which resource blocks are allocated by the frequency scheduling unit 104 . [0157] In this embodiment, locations of distributed resource blocks and the dividing pattern are predetermined. More specifically, which resource blocks are to be converted into distributed resource blocks and which distributed resource blocks are to be divided into how many sub-blocks are determined by a preset rule depending on the number of the distributed resource blocks. [0158] FIGS. 21A and 21B show examples where the numbers of distributed resource blocks are two and three, respectively. In the examples shown in FIGS. 21A and 21B , the number of distributed resource blocks is made identical with the division number into which each distributed resource block is divided. In FIGS. 21A and 21B , numbers written in localized RBs and beside distributed RBs represent the numbers assigned to localized resource blocks and distributed resource blocks, respectively, and numbers written above the RBs represent physical locations of the resource blocks. [0159] If the number of distributed resource blocks is made identical with the division number of each distributed resource block, the number of distributed resource blocks becomes equal to the number of allocatable distributed resource blocks. As a result, regardless of the number of distributed resource blocks, all of the distributed resource blocks can be allocated. Compared with the above embodiments, this approach makes it possible to improve radio resource allocation efficiency. [0160] Alternatively, the number of distributed resource blocks may be made different from the division number of each distributed resource block. [0161] FIG. 22A shows an example where the number of distributed resource blocks is 5 and the division number of each distributed resource block is 2 or 3. FIG. 22B shows an example where the number of distributed resource blocks is 5 and the division number of each distributed resource block is 5. In FIGS. 22A and 22B , numbers written in localized RBs and beside distributed RBs represent the numbers assigned to localized resource blocks and distributed resource blocks, respectively, and numbers written above the RBs represent physical locations of the resource blocks. [0162] Dividing distributed resource blocks by multiple dividing patterns makes it possible to make the number of distributed resource blocks identical with the number of allocatable distributed resource blocks. [0163] Next, an exemplary method of assigning identification codes or serial numbers to localized and distributed resource blocks is described with reference to FIGS. 21A through 22B . [0164] Serial numbers are assigned separately to localized resource blocks and distributed resource blocks. To the localized resource blocks, serial numbers are assigned such that the numbers indicating the physical locations of the resource blocks become identical with the serial numbers. To the distributed resource blocks, serial numbers are assigned separately from those of the localized resource blocks according to the dividing pattern of the distributed resource blocks. [0165] By assigning serial numbers separately to distributed resource blocks and localized resource blocks and by allocating resource blocks such that the serial numbers of the allocated resource blocks become consecutive, it is possible to reduce the number of control bits used to report allocation information. An example of this method is described later. [0166] This method of assigning serial numbers to resource blocks may also be applied to a case as shown in FIG. 6 where serial numbers are first assigned to localized resource blocks and then assigned to distributed resource blocks. Also, this method may be applied to a case where serial numbers are first assigned to distributed resource blocks and then assigned to localized resource blocks. [0167] Further, this method may be applied regardless of whether the division number of each distributed resource block is predetermined or not predetermined. [0168] Next, an exemplary method of assigning identification codes or serial numbers to localized resource blocks and distributed resource blocks is described with reference to FIGS. 23A through 24B . In FIGS. 23A through 24B , numbers written in localized RBs and beside distributed RBs represent the numbers assigned to localized resource blocks and distributed resource blocks, respectively, and numbers written above the RBs represent physical locations of the resource blocks. [0169] In this method, serial numbers to be assigned to localized resource blocks are predetermined as shown in FIG. 23A . Similarly, serial numbers to be assigned to distributed resource blocks are predetermined as shown in FIG. 23B . FIG. 23B shows an example where the division number of each resource block is 2. [0170] In this case, the physical locations of resource blocks to be used as distributed resource blocks are determined based on the number of the distributed resource blocks. For example, when the number of distributed resource blocks is 2, resource blocks with physical location numbers 0 and 8 are used as the distributed resource blocks, and identification codes 0 and 1 are assigned to the respective distributed resource blocks. [0171] Alternatively, as shown in FIGS. 24A and 24B , the dividing pattern of distributed resource blocks and assignment of serial numbers to the distributed resource blocks may be changed depending on whether the number of the distributed resource blocks is an even number or an odd number. FIG. 24A shows an example where the number of distributed resource blocks is an even number and the division number of each distributed resource block is 2. FIG. 24B shows an example where the number of distributed resource blocks is an odd number and the division number of each distributed resource block is 1, 2, or 3. [0172] The dividing patterns of distributed resource blocks and assignment of serial numbers to the distributed resource blocks shown in FIGS. 24A and 24B are just examples and may be changed as necessary. [0173] Thus, in the above method, the dividing pattern of distributed resource blocks and assignment of serial numbers to the distributed resource blocks are changed depending on whether the number of the distributed resource blocks is an even number or an odd number. This method makes it possible for a mobile station to determine the dividing pattern of the distributed resource blocks based only on whether the number of the distributed resource blocks is an even number or an odd number. [0174] For example, when the number of distributed resource blocks is 4 as shown in FIG. 25A , resource blocks with physical location numbers 0 , 4 , 8 , and 12 are used as the distributed resource blocks and numbers 0 through 3 are assigned to the distributed resource blocks according to the serial number assignment scheme shown in FIG. 24A , and other resource blocks are used as localized resource blocks. [0175] As another example, when the number of distributed resource blocks is 5 as shown in FIG. 25B , resource blocks with physical location numbers 0 , 4 , 7 , 12 , and 15 are used as the distributed resource blocks and numbers 0 through 4 are assigned to the distributed resource blocks according to the serial number assignment scheme shown in FIG. 24B , and other resource blocks are used as localized resource blocks. [0176] Next, an exemplary method of reporting allocation information to mobile stations is described. [0177] Allocating distributed resource blocks with consecutive serial numbers, instead of those with separate serial numbers, to a mobiles station makes it possible to reduce the number of control bits used to encode and send allocation information to the mobile station. This approach may also be applied to a case where allocation information for multiple mobile stations is encoded and sent collectively. [0178] Characteristics of all distributed resource blocks are essentially the same. The above method makes it possible to assign resource block numbers to distributed resource blocks such that those numbers do not depend on the characteristics of the distributed resource blocks. [0179] An exemplary method of encoding and sending allocation information for each UE is described below. [0180] FIG. 26 shows an example where the division number of each distributed resource block is not predetermined. In this case, allocation information including the division number of each distributed resource block is sent to the mobile station. [0181] The base station sends allocation information that includes the ID (Assigned UE-ID) of a mobile station to which resource blocks are allocated, information indicating whether localized transmission or distributed transmission is applied (Localized or Distributed), the number of distributed resource blocks (Number of Distributed RBs) if distributed transmission is to be applied, and resource block allocation information (Assigned information for each RB). The base station sends control bits representing the allocation information separately to each of the mobile stations to which distributed resource blocks are allocated. [0182] The UE-ID is, for example, represented by 12 bits. In the field for the information indicating whether localized transmission or distributed transmission is applied, “0” is specified for localized transmission and “1” is specified for distributed transmission. Based on the number of distributed resource blocks, the mobile station can determine which localized resource blocks are converted into distributed resource blocks and the division number of each distributed resource block. The “Assigned information for each RB” field stores information indicating distributed resource blocks and information indicating locations of allocated distributed resource blocks. [0183] Using tree based allocation information (see, for example, 3GPP, R1-061308, NEC, “Resource Allocation Signaling for E-UTRA”, May 2006) described below makes it possible to reduce the amount of resource block allocation information that indicates allocated distributed resource blocks by a range of consecutive serial numbers assigned to the distributed resource blocks. For example, when the number of resource blocks is 16, the required number of bits is log 2 (16×17/2)=7. [0184] Another exemplary method of encoding and sending allocation information for each UE is described below. [0185] FIG. 27 shows an example where the division number of each distributed resource block is not predetermined. In this case, allocation information including the division number of each distributed resource block is sent to the mobile station. [0186] The base station sends allocation information that includes the ID (Assigned UE-ID) of a mobile station to which resource blocks are allocated, information indicating whether localized transmission or distributed transmission is applied (Localized or Distributed), a division type of distributed resource blocks (Distributed RB division type) if distributed transmission is to be applied, i.e., information indicating whether the number of distributed resource blocks is an odd number or an even number, and resource block allocation information (Assigned information for each RB). The base station sends control bits representing the allocation information separately to each of the mobile stations to which distributed resource blocks are allocated. [0187] The UE-ID is, for example, represented by 12 bits. In the field for the information indicating whether localized transmission or distributed transmission is applied, for example, “0” is specified for localized transmission and “1” is specified for distributed transmission. In the “Distributed RB division type” field, for example, “0” is specified when the number of distributed resource blocks is an even number and “1” is specified when the number of distributed resource blocks is an odd number. With the division type, the mobile station can determine the dividing pattern of distributed resource blocks and serial numbers of the distributed resource blocks. [0188] The “Assigned information for each RB” field stores information indicating distributed resource blocks and information indicating locations of allocated distributed resource blocks. [0189] As described above, using the tree based allocation information described below makes it possible to reduce the amount of resource block allocation information that indicates allocated distributed resource blocks by a range of consecutive serial numbers assigned to the distributed resource blocks. For example, when the number of resource blocks is 16, the required number of bits is log 2 (16×17/2)=7. [0190] Another exemplary method of encoding and sending allocation information for each UE is described below. [0191] FIG. 28 shows an example where the division number of each distributed resource block is predetermined. [0192] In this case, the same predetermined division number may be applied to all distributed resource blocks as shown in FIG. 24A or two or more division numbers may be applied to the distributed resource blocks as shown in FIG. 24B . [0193] The base station sends allocation information that includes the ID (Assigned UE-ID) of a mobile station to which resource blocks are allocated, information indicating whether localized transmission or distributed transmission is applied (Localized or Distributed), and resource block allocation information (Assigned information for each RB). The base station sends control bits representing the allocation information separately to each of the mobile stations to which distributed resource blocks are allocated. [0194] The UE-ID is, for example, represented by 12 bits. In the field for the information indicating whether localized transmission or distributed transmission is applied, for example, “0” is specified for localized transmission and “1” is specified for distributed transmission. In this example, the division number of each distributed resource block is predetermined, and the resource block allocation information is represented by tree based allocation information obtained based on the serial numbers assigned to distributed resource blocks as described with reference to FIG. 23B . The mobile station can determine the locations of allocated resource blocks based only on the tree based allocation information. [0195] For example, as shown in FIG. 29 , when the number of resource blocks is 6 and distributed resource blocks with consecutive serial numbers 2 , 3 , and 4 are allocated to a mobile station, the mobile station can determine the locations of the allocated distributed resource blocks based only on the serial numbers 2 , 3 , and 4 . [0196] Next, an exemplary method of reporting allocation information using the tree based allocation information is described. [0197] In the example shown in FIG. 30 , it is assumed that the number of resource blocks is 6 and distributed resource blocks with consecutive serial numbers 0 , 1 , and 2 are allocated to a mobile station. [0198] In a method using the tree based allocation information, a tree chart as shown in FIG. 31 is used. The base station reports the number (in this example, “12”) at an intersection of lines, one extending from each of the first and last serial numbers of allocated resource blocks. [0199] The number of figures necessary to form a tree chart depends on the number of resource blocks (in this example, the number of distributed resource blocks). Specifically, the number of figures necessary to form a tree chart for N resource blocks can be represented by a formula N×(N+1)/2. [0200] Therefore, the number of bits necessary to express resource block allocation information using the tree based allocation information is log 2 (N×(N+1)/2). [0201] Thus, using the tree based allocation information makes it possible to reduce the amount of resource block allocation information that indicates allocated distributed resource blocks by a range of consecutive serial numbers assigned to the distributed resource blocks. [0202] The present international application claims priority from Japanese Patent Application No. 2006-031742 filed on Feb. 8, 2006, Japanese Patent Application No. 2006-077820 filed on Mar. 20, 2006, and Japanese Patent Application No. 2006-169449 filed on Jun. 19, 2006, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated herein by reference. INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY [0203] A transmission device and a transmission method according to embodiments of the present invention may be applied to a wireless communication system.

Description

Topics

Download Full PDF Version (Non-Commercial Use)

Patent Citations (16)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-2004114552-A1June 17, 2004Lim Kwang Jae, Kim Soo Young, Oh Deock GilApparatus and method for transmitting packet in forward link of multibeam satellite communication system
    US-2004190482-A1September 30, 2004Baum Kevin L., Classon Brian K., Cudak Mark C., Vijay NangiaMethod and apparatus for reducing co-channel interference in a communcation system
    US-2005122928-A1June 09, 2005Rajiv Vijayan, Fuyun Ling, Walker Gordon K., Ramaswamy Murali, Ashok Mantravadi, Anand Subramaniam, Krishnamurthy ViswanathanLocal and wide-area transmissions in a wireless broadcast network
    US-2005190715-A1September 01, 2005Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaCommunications system, method and devices
    US-2006045001-A1March 02, 2006Ahmad JalaliTransmission of signaling in an OFDM-based system
    US-2006050664-A1March 09, 2006Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Pub)Method, apparatus, and communications interface for sending and receiving data blocks associated with different multiple access techniques
    US-2006072604-A1April 06, 2006Arak Sutivong, Avneesh Agrawal, Alexei Gorokhov, Teague Edward HOn-demand reverse-link pilot transmission
    US-2006209754-A1September 21, 2006Ji Tingfang, Ayman Naguib, Arak Sutivong, Gore Dhananjay A, Alexei GorokhovChannel structures for a quasi-orthogonal multiple-access communication system
    US-2006223449-A1October 05, 2006Qualcomm IncorporatedSystems and methods for control channel signaling
    US-2006293076-A1December 28, 2006Julian David J, Arak SutivongOFDMA reverse link scheduling
    US-2007019596-A1January 25, 2007Barriac Gwendolyn D, Teague Edward HLink assignment messages in lieu of assignment acknowledgement messages
    US-2007064669-A1March 22, 2007Motorola, Inc.Method and apparatus for reducing round trip latency and overhead within a communication system
    US-2007097908-A1May 03, 2007Qualcomm IncorporatedScalable frequency band operation in wireless communication systems
    US-2007097942-A1May 03, 2007Qualcomm IncorporatedVaried signaling channels for a reverse link in a wireless communication system
    US-2007173260-A1July 26, 2007Love Robert T, Classon Brian K, Fernandes Edgar P, Klomsdorf Armin W, Vijay Nangia, Ravikiran Nory, Schwent Dale G, Stewart Kenneth A, Wilson David RWireless communication network scheduling
    US-2008298335-A1December 04, 2008Industry Academic Cooperation Foundation Of Kyunghee UniversityMulti-Carrier Cdma Transmitting Device and Method Using Block-Based Multi-Carrier Spreading

NO-Patent Citations (0)

    Title

Cited By (17)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    JP-2016123108-AJuly 07, 2016パナソニック インテレクチュアル プロパティ コーポレーション オブ アメリカPanasonic Intellectual Property Corporation of America, Panasonic Intellectual Property Corp Of America, パナソニック インテレクチュアル プロパティ コーポレーション オブ アメリカPanasonic Intellectual Property Corporation of America送信装置、送信方法及び集積回路
    JP-2017077011-AApril 20, 2017パナソニック株式会社, Panasonic CorpTransmission device, transmission method and integrated circuit
    US-2010265898-A1October 21, 2010Jin Young Chun, Bin Chul Ihm, Wook Bong Lee, Ki Seon RyuMethod of transmitting ack/nack signal in wireless communication system
    US-2011117943-A1May 19, 2011Jin Young Chun, Bin Chul Ihm, Hyun Soo KoMethod of allocating radio resource in wireless communication system
    US-2011222489-A1September 15, 2011Nec CorporationResource allocation
    US-2015023324-A1January 22, 2015Motorola Solutions, Inc.Systems, devices, and methods for improving data capacity in a communications system by managing short addresses
    US-8442569-B2May 14, 2013Panasonic CorporationRadio reception apparatus, radio transmission apparatus, and radio communication method
    US-8532050-B2September 10, 2013Nec CorporationResource allocation
    US-8681718-B2March 25, 2014Lg Electronics Inc.Method of transmitting ACK/NACK signal in wireless communication system
    US-8885580-B2November 11, 2014Nec CorporationResource allocation
    US-8886238-B2November 11, 2014Lg Electronics Inc.Method of allocating radio resource in wireless communication system
    US-8897239-B2November 25, 2014Nec CorporationResource allocation
    US-9107215-B2August 11, 2015Motorola Solutions, Inc.Systems, devices, and methods for improving data capacity in a communications system by managing short addresses
    US-9241324-B2January 19, 2016Zte CorporationMapping and resource allocation method for relay link-physical downlink shared channel
    US-9319206-B2April 19, 2016Nec CorporationResource allocation
    US-9485766-B2November 01, 2016Kyocera CorporationMobile communication system, mobile communication method, and radio base station
    US-9661630-B2May 23, 2017Nec CorporationResource allocation